New Zealand’s transport infrastructure is generally well developed, and compares favourably with other developed countries. They have good road and rail networks that link well to their air and sea ports. They have a transport network that includes:
- 11,000km of State highways
- 80,000km of local roads
- 7 international airports
- 28 regional airports with scheduled services
- 4,000km of rail track
- 14 exporting sea ports
The recent earthquakes in Canterbury have reinforced the need to ensure that our transport infrastructure is resilient. Transport is a lifeline utility. Disruptions can have serious consequences for businesses and communities.
The concept of resilience is wider than natural disasters. It covers the capacity of public, private and civic sectors to:
- withstand disruption
- absorb disturbance
- act effectively in a crisis
- adapt to changing conditions, including climate change
- grow over time
However, there are also congestion and pressure points within our networks which we are working to address. Alongside that, the freight task has been projected to double by 2040. Any level of significant growth in the freight task will have an impact on the transport modes and how they contribute to the movement of our goods.
Most tariffs range from zero to 10%. These duty rates apply mostly to clothing, footwear, and carpeting. Most passenger vehicles and almost all computer software and hardware enter tariff-free. Alcoholic beverages (including beer, wine, and spirits), tobacco products, and some petroleum products are subject to excise duties that also apply to similar items that are produced domestically.
All imported goods are liable to a 15% Goods and Service Tax (GST). This tax is payable on the sum of the Customs value of the goods, any Customs duty payable thereon, and freight and insurance costs incurred in transporting the goods to New Zealand. The government implements an import transaction fee of NZ$18 on every commercial import that has a duty and/or liability of NZ$50 or more. The fee is not charged on private import declarations for goods valued under NZ$1,000